Paul Graham: “What those who teach, cannot do” - Fortune

Paul Graham: “What those who teach, cannot do”

It’s not true that those who can’t do, teach (some of the best hackers I know are professors), but it is true that there are a lot of things that those who teach can’t do. Research imposes constraining caste restrictions. In any academic field there are topics that are ok to work on and others that aren’t. Unfortunately the distinction between acceptable and forbidden topics is usually based on how intellectual the work sounds when described in research papers, rather than how important it is for getting good results. The extreme case is probably literature; people studying literature rarely say anything that would be of the slightest use to those producing it.

Though the situation is better in the sciences, the overlap between the kind of work you’re allowed to do and the kind of work that yields good languages is distressingly small. (Olin Shivers has grumbled eloquently about this.) For example, types seem to be an inexhaustible source of research papers, despite the fact that static typing seems to preclude true macros-- without which, in my opinion, no language is worth using.

Author Paul Graham
Work The Hundred-Year Language