"Perl for Perl Newbies" - Part 2The for Loop

1. The for Loop

The for loop has another syntax which can be used to encapsulate while-like loops in a more compact way, which also has some advantages.

The syntax for this for loop is for({Initial Statements} ; {Condition} ; {Iteration Commands}) { ... }, where {Condition} is a boolean condition expression, and {Initial Statements} and {Iteration Commands} may contain one or more commands separated by commas.

When The interpreter encounters a for loop it executes its initial statements, and then executes the commands within its block for as long as the condition is met. {Iteration Commands} are executed at the end of each iteration.

The following simple example prints the multiplication board:

for($row = 1 ; $row <= 10 ; $row++)
{
    for($column = 1 ; $column <= 10 ; $column++)
    {
        $result = $row*$column;
        $pad = ( " "  x  (4-length($result)) );
        print $pad, $result;
    }
    print "\n";
}

Written by Shlomi Fish